Agriculture of Horodok District: Environmental and Economic Analysis and Perspectives
The article analyzes the state and dynamics of the main indicators of agricultural development in the Horodok district. The national economic and ecological aspects of the development of the complex and the factors influencing its condition were studied. It was indicated on the connection of the efficiency of agricultural production with the state of soils, water, infrastructure provision and the general state of the economy of the territory. The main negative impacts of intensive agricultural development on natural ecosystems and the state of the environment are outlined. The basic link of agrosphere in the region is agriculture. In the conditions of the Horodok distric, the main risks of the development of agriculture are related with a high proportion of land involved in agriculture, and a high indicator of their rooting: environmentally sustainable systems account for less than half of all land. In addition, the aggravated structure of agro industrial production is associated with the dominant role of plant growing, which is mainly represented by monocultures, which increases the need for mineral fertilizers and pesticides, enhances instability of agro ecosystems and increases the risk of contamination of surface water in the district. In terms of efficiency and productivity, the agro complex of the district is close to the regional average. Attention is need to the poor state of infrastructure provision and the potential problems of labor resources. Strategic directions of agrosphere development today are connected with the formation of rational, ecologically safe and sustainable land use development, and from the economic point of view it is necessary to develop the most effective directions. In order to ensure sustainable growth of the agricultural complex of the region, attention should be paid to the diversification of crop production, balanced support to the animal sub-sector, social and infrastructure problems, and to outline the directions of exit of enterprises of the district into world markets.
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