Consumption of antimicrobials in the European Union and indications for their rational administration


Keywords: antibiotic consumption, antimicrobial resistance, rational antimicrobial treatment.

Abstract

Antimicrobials are essential for the medical care and health of animals and livestock populations. On the other hand it is generally accepted that the increase in prevalence of antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem. Therefore, in many countries of the world, the consumption of antibiotics and the resistance of pathogens isolated from humans and animals are monitored. Collected data indicate the need to reduce antimicrobial use in humans and in food-producing animals. This goal can only be achieved if antimicrobials will be used rationally and in accordance with the latest knowledge.

References

Gupta, N., Rodrigues, C., & Soman, R. (2015). Pioneers in Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India. 63(9), 90–91. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27608881

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1945. Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/ medicine/laureates/1945.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1952. Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/ medicine/laureates/1952.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1939. Nobel Foundation. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/ medicine/laureates/1939.

European Commission (2016). Request for a joint ECDC, EFSA and EMA scientific opinion on a list of outcome indicators. Ref. Ares (2016) 5834652 – 10/10/2016. http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/ document_library/Other/2017/01/WC500219408.pdf

ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control), EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), and EMA (European Medicines Agency) (2017). ECDC/EFSA/EMA second joint report on the integrated analysis of the consumption of antimicrobial agents and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals. Joint Interagency Antimicrobial Consumption and Resistance Analysis (JIACRA) Report. EFSA Journal. 15(7), 4872. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4872.

Cheng, V.C., Wong, S.C., Ho, P.L., & Yuen, K.Y. (2015). Strategic measures for the control of surging antimicrobial resistance in Hong Kong and mainland of China. Emerging Microbes and Infections. 4(2), e8. doi: 10.1038/emi.2015.8

Hansen, W., & Kietzmann, M. (2012). Comments on the Guidelines for the Prudent Use of Antibacterial Veterinary Pharmaceuticals (Guidelines for Antibiotics). Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere. 40(3), 182–185. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/22688742

Jaroszewski, J.J. (2014). Is antibiotic therapy always effective – a pharmacological point of view. XIV Middle European Buiatric Congress, Warszawa 25–27 May 2014.

Commission notice (2015). Guidelines for the prudent use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine. Official Journal of the European Union 2015/C 299/0. https://publications.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/202c8681-5813-11e5-afbf-01aa75ed71a1/language-en
Published
2018-04-26
How to Cite
Jaroszewski, J. (2018). Consumption of antimicrobials in the European Union and indications for their rational administration. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 20(87), 42-44. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet8708