Use in the form of mixed complex of copper


Keywords: piglets, microelements, chelates, copper, trace elements

Abstract

In the complete feeding of animals, including pigs, an important role is given to mineral elements, because they take an active part in the metabolism, provide normal conditions for the work of all internal organs, muscles and nervous system. Mineral elements are used by the body of animals as a structural material, they participate in the enzymatic processes of digestion, absorption, synthesis, decomposition, as well as the allocation of metabolic products from the body. Minerals have a positive effect on the activity of enzymes, hormones, vitamins, stabilize acid-alkaline balance and osmotic pressure. They affect the function of hematopoiesis, endocrine glands, protective reactions of the organism, microflora of the digestive tract, participate in protein biosynthesis, strengthen the permeability of cell membranes, etc. The absence or lack of individual mineral elements, as well as the violation of their ratio leads to a reduction in the efficiency of nutrient utilization in the diet and, consequently, to reduce the productivity of animals. Mineral substances account for 4–5% of the body weight of animals, of which 99.6% are on macro-elements, and 0.4% of trace elements. The main source of mineral elements for animals is feed. However, the mineral composition of the latter depends on the biogeochemical zone, type of soils, climatic conditions, plant species, agrochemical measures, collection, storage, preparation for feeding and other factors. When using copper in the form of chelates, a high coefficient of its assimilation is established. In blood, the serum iron content of iron increased and this contributed to a decrease in total and latent iron binding capacity of serum. Copper chelates more intensively stimulate protein synthesizing function, which manifests itself by increasing the content of total protein, albumin and reducing the amount of globulins. Application of micronutrients and their chelate compounds and other biologically active substances has its advantages, the level of assimilation of heavy metals, radionuclides from contaminated feeds and water is reduced, chelate complexes of trace elements easily penetrate through cell membranes, allowing to carry out purposeful influence on exchange substances and energy and to correct the deficit of TE in the relevant biogeochemical zones.

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Published
2018-12-10
How to Cite
Farionik, T. (2018). Use in the form of mixed complex of copper. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 20(92), 64-67. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet9213