Distribution and structure of the pathology of the prostate gland in dogs
The article presents the results of the study of the structure of the pathology of the prostate gland in dogs in the age aspect. The study of the spread of the pathology of the prostate gland in dogs was conducted on the basis of the center of veterinary medicine “Health”, Sumy and clinics of the Department of Obstetrics and Surgery, Sumy National Agrarian University during 2014–2018. At the same time, 985 dogs of all ages and breeds were examined for this period, from which 101 animals with pathology of the prostate were isolated. Pathology of the prostate gland in dogs is 10.3% of the total number of examined animals. Among prostate diseases the most common are benign hyperplasia – 47.5%, prostatitis – 36.6% and neoplasms – 10.1%, from the total number of animals with diseases of the prostate gland. For dogs most widespread among pathology of prostate gland are of high quality гіперплазії, простатити and неоплазії that fold 47.5%, 36.6% and 10.1%, from the incurrence of animals with illnesses of prostate. On the stake of chronic inflammation among the general amount of animals with простатитом, there is 2.6%, and on a sharp and festering form – 0.7% and 0.4%, accordingly. For dogs it follows reasons and contributory infringement factors of origin of простатитів to count cystitises, urethritiss, pyelonephritises, баланопостити, traumas of penis, and also obesities of animals, reductions of motive activity, that arise up as secondary distribution of inflammatory process on a prostate gland. Researches of age-old dynamics of простатитів testify for dogs, that frequency of this pathology grows with age. In the age-old aspect, the rate of detection of prostatitis reaches a maximum at the age of 7–8 years, and somewhat less in 5–6 and 9–12 years, accounting for 54.1%, 18.9% and 13.5% of the total number of animals with inflammatory processes prostate gland, respectively. At the age of 7–8 and 9–12 years, the dominant form of prostatitis is chronic, accounting for 80% and 100% of the total number of diagnosed cases of prostate inflammation for each group, while at the age of 5–6 and 3–4 years the frequency of detection of acute and purulent forms of prostatitis is 40% and 20% and 50% and 25%, respectively.
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