Pathomorphology of the cerebral cortex of cats for infectious peritonitis


Keywords: cats, infectious peritonitis, FIP, cerebral cortex, astrocytes, neurons

Abstract

The article presents the results of histological studies of the frontal area of the cerebral cortexб taken from 10 corpses of cats aged from 3 months to 5.5 years, in which infectious peritonitis (based on anamnesis, clinical signs, morphological and biochemical blood analysis , ultrasound diagnostics, Rivalt test and express diagnosis) was diagnosed during their life. A pathoanatomical study was conducted; samples of the frontal area of the cerebral cortex of cats, which were fixed in a 12% aqueous solution of neutral formalin, a solution of Carnoua and 96° ethyl alcohol, were selected. The histocuts were made, which were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, thionine for Nisslem. In order to detect the astrocytic glory, a fraction of the cerebral cortex was fixed by the Golgi-Clatzo method with a fresh mixture of chloral hydrate-formalin-bichromate and produced histocuts on a freezing microtome. For histological examination of the cerebral cortex of cats, changes in the non-inflammatory character were observed, which were characterized by disorders of hemomycrocycle circulation, edema and degenerative processes of the neuroglial complex and neurons. Violations of the structural organization of endothelial cells, basal membranes of capillaries and venules should be considered as an important indicator of functional changes in tone, permeability of the microcirculatory channel, which contributed to the development of perivascular and pericellular edema, which in its turn led to regressive changes of glial elements; acute swelling of neurons with the formation of microcavities in nuclei; a sharp decrease in the content of the chromatophilic substance in pyramidal and stellate cells; the development of gidropic dystrophy in star cells and creatures; rise of shadow cells. Circulatory disorders caused the violation of the trophic transport systems, which caused hypoxia, accumulation of acidic metabolism products, and formed the basis for the pathogenesis of the development of dyscirculatory dystrophy of neuroglial cells and neurons, i.e. neurotrophic disorders of the cerebral cortex of cats for FIR.

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Published
2019-04-02
How to Cite
Kotsyumbas, G., & Khalaniia, M. (2019). Pathomorphology of the cerebral cortex of cats for infectious peritonitis. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 21(93), 3-9. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet9301