The investigation of the influence which is done as a result of macleaya cordata and biologically active additives on the carbohydrate metabolism in pigs
Pork production plays a significant role in meat balance of Ukraine. High productivity of pigs is accompanied with increased intensity of metabolic processes and intense functional activity of all organs and systems, which requires additional support. To grow a healthy livestock, it is necessary to use preparations and biologically active forage plant additives that help a body to realize productive qualities, fight against various pathogens, but do not harm the animal body and are safe in the production of meat products for human nutrition. The influence of phytobiotic of the cardiac macleaya (Macleáya cordáta R. Br.) has been investigated separately and in combination with vegetable additives (buckwheat, ground onion and buckwheat husks) as a source of flavonoids on the physiological state and carbohydrate metabolism of pigs. It has been determined that application of only macleaya supplements to the 30 and 60 days of studies leads to an increase in the number of erythrocytes by 16.7% and 23.2% (P < 0.05) and hemoglobin concentration by 30.7% and 37.9% (P < 0.01), as well as activation of anaerobic glycolysis, as evidenced by a significant increase in glucose concentration by 96.4–48.0% (P < 0.01), lactate by 71.4–55.2%, (P < 0.01) and activity of lactate dehydrogenase at 18.6–29.4% (P < 0.05) and reduction of pyruvate content by 34.0–13.4% (P < 0.01) and activity of alkaline phosphatase – by 66.2% and 76.8% (P < 0.01) in the corresponding terms of research. While using macleaya with green buckwheat, buckwheat and onion husks, the hematological parameters and parameters of carbohydrate metabolism were at the level of the control group, confirming the significant decrease in the concentration of glucose and lactate compared with the control and shift ratio lactate / pyruvate towards pyruvate. This fact suggests that bioflavonoids, which are part of plant additives, have not only antioxidant properties, but also serve as a correction and stabilizer of carbohydrate metabolism and mitigate the side hypoxic effects of alkaloids of phytobiotic of the macleaya cordata.
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