Actual problems of quality and safety of food products in the context of providing food security in the Zhytomyr region


Keywords: quality, safety, food products, toxic elements, antibiotics, 137Cs, specific activity

Abstract

The results of the veterinary and sanitary examination of food products are based on data from Zhytomyr Regional State Laboratory of the State Service for Safety of Food and Consumer Protection and State Laboratories of Veterinary and Sanitary Expertise of Economic Markets in Zhytomyr and Zhytomyr Oblast for 2018. The main cause of detoxification of offal was invasive disease. Total sales: 80.26325 tons of products and 10397 positive results were obtained, out of which 92 carcasses, 4074 cases of invasive and non-communicable diseases 10.262 tons, 6231 cases of other food products with a total weight of 70.00125. The analysis of the reporting documentation of the ZHDLDPPS and the state laboratories of all economic markets in Zhytomyr and Zhytomyr region showed that the main causes of milk and dairy products were: mechanical and bacterial contamination, falsification, subclinical mastics, inconsistency of organoleptic parameters with regulatory requirements, fat content and acidity, violation of terms of implementation. Screening test systems (Charm test Chloramphenicol, 4 sensors (antibiotics of Beta-lactam groups, Tetracyclines, Streptomycins, Chloramphenicol) 247 samples of raw milk were checked, of which 2.4% were positive. Security guarantor  dairy products in Ukraine remains a system for monitoring sanitary-dangerous pathogens and residual amounts of toxic substances. The pollution of forest fungi and game in the victims of the Chernobyl accident in the Zhytomyr region remains at a rather high level and they are the main source of danger to consumers. The most contaminated samples of fresh mushrooms, whose specific activity exceeded the regulatory requirements of DR-2006 for 137Cs content in 2018, were from Ovruch (5 samples 509.1 3375 Bq/kg), Native (1 sample 1956 Bq/kg) and Zhitnaya Market of Zhytomyr (3 samples 23282345 bq/kg at a rate of 500 Bq/kg). Accordingly, samples of dry mushrooms at a norm of 2500 Bq/kg did not meet the normative requirements of Ovruch 1 (6329 Bq/kg), of the Nurses 2 samples (4330 Bq/kg and 4987 Bq/kg) and Olevsk 1 sample (2814Bk/kg. DLVSE the study of 28 samples of dry fungi showed that the specific activity of 50% of samples from the Ovruch region was 25205000 Bq/kg, 5.8% of samples from the Emilchinsky district 25442923 Bq/kg, 7.2% of the samples from the Native -397 29022 Bq/kg and 4.3% of samples from the Olevsk rayon 27392892 Bq/kg. Of the LRDLDPPS examined, 3 samples of game 1 sample from Ovruch exceeded the permissible levels by 2.3 times (464 Bq/kg), with Lugin in 3.3 times (634 Bq/kg), from the Native 7.6 times (1531 Bq/kg) .And according to the DLVSE, the level of contamination of the game with 6 samples in the Germans 4 samples (2000-12124 Bq/kg) In Samara, 1 sample in Korosten amounted to 1,500 Bq kg, of which 48 samples of milk tested by the DLVSE in the Germans all showed an excess of 137Cs (101-172 Bq/kg ), fish-2 samples 203 and 590 Bq/kg.

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Published
2019-04-02
How to Cite
Kotelevych, V. (2019). Actual problems of quality and safety of food products in the context of providing food security in the Zhytomyr region. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 21(93), 155-159. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet9327