A necessity of introduction of the system of registration of GMO is for Ukraine
The article presents the main methodological approaches and criteria for the necessity of development and introduction of the State Registration of GMOs sources in Ukraine. The list of analytical researches that are to be carried out at the registration of the GMO source, expert evaluation of GMO identification methods, reproduction of detection methods, identification and quantification of GMOs are given. Submitted and analyzed legislative documents regulating the procedure for registration and control of GMO circulation in the countries of the European Union and Ukraine. DNDKI of veterinary preparations and fodder supplements on the tasks of the State Committee of Veterinary Medicine of Ukraine during 2010-2018 a number of normative documents were developed regarding procedures related to the use and circulation of feed, feed additives, premixes and veterinary preparations that are composed, containing or made using genetically modified sources in Ukraine: the procedure for state registration, the procedure for carrying out the state veterinary and sanitary examination of GMOs for sources of forage feed additives and veterinary preparations ativ plan state monitoring GMO sources of feed, feed additives, premixes for livestock and poultry. The procedure determines the procedure for state registration of GMOs for sources of feed, feed additives and veterinary preparations containing genetically modified organisms or obtained from their use. It is envisaged that the state register of GMO sources is conducted in the form approved by the State Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection. On the basis of the analysis, a draft list of feeds, feed materials, protein-vitamin concentrates and premixes that have to be monitored for GMO content has been developed. This project list includes soy, corn, rape and products of their processing, fodder, feed mixes, feed concentrates, etc. In the SSRCI of veterinary drugs and supplements, in 2018, the “Guidelines for identifying the GM soya line (Soybean MON40-3-2) GTS 40-3-2” were developed and approved. “Methodological recommendations are intended to identify the GM soya line (Soybean MON40-3 -2) GTS 40-3-2 (Genetically modified soybean that contains – genetically modified soybean containing (cp4 epsps gene inserted to confer tolerance to herbicide glyphosate) cp4 epsps gene inserted to provide resistance to glyphosate herbicide (glyphosate) in plant material, feed and food products by polymerase chain reaction in real time (PCR-RF )”. The qualitative determination of GMOs is based on the discovery of genetically modified (GM) targeted regulatory sequences of the 35S Cauliflower Mosaic Virus (CaMV) promoter or FMV promoter and/or the NOS (T-NOS) T1 terminator of Agrobacterium tumefaciens plasmids that are introduced into the genetic constructs of GM based on the use of the multiplex polymerase chain reaction method to obtain real-time research results – PCR RF.
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