Oregano Essential Oil (Origanum vulgare L.), as a Food-supplement in a Rearing of Piglets
The article describes the results of the study of the physiological effect on the organism of pigs - mammals and weaned piglets. Feed additives were made from the essential oil of Origanum vulgare “Aditívum do kŕmnych zmesí na báze pamajoránu”. It has been established that O. vulgare dry grass contains essential oils (0.15–0.50%), where carvacrol, thymol, cymol and other terpenes are main components. Extract of O. vulgare essential oil has a pronounced inhibitory effect on the enteropathogenic bacteria Escherichia coli hemolytic and Salmonella enteritica var. Enteritidis. In quantifying, it was found that 20% of the essential oil extract has inhibition role, which is 4 times more effective than 100%, has the largest inhibitory role. The resistant symbiotic bacterium of the gut Enterococcus faecium M-7 was not affected by essential oil. The following indicators were used to establish the physiological effect of herbal supplements on the body of piglets: increasment in body weight, resistance of piglets to diseases, the state of intestinal microflora. A control and two experimental groups were added for the experiment, where the phyto-additive was included in to the feed: the first consisted of bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum with 0.05% extract of O. vulgare (LO) essential oil and the second – only 0.05% essential oil extract О. vulgare. (O). In the two experimental groups, the pigs' health was good and their mortality was not observed either before or after weaning. The incidence was 18% before weaning and 36% after weaning in the control group. The average daily weight gaining was significant in both groups (31–36%). Moreover, piglets were larger at birth and before weaning they increased in weight to 8 times, whereas over the next 24 days their weight increased only to 50%. The difference in gaining weight between the two expirimantal groups was insignificant. The use of the herbal supplement LO is more effective than O, because the stability index of the gut microbiota gradually increases from 2.2 to 3.37 due to decrease in the number of opportunistic bacteria Escherichia coli and enterobacteria and growth of lactobacilli. Therefore, a phyto-supplement consisting of Lactobacillus plantarum bacteria with 0.05% O. vulgare (LO) essential oil extract can be recommended as a probiotic to feed mammals and weaned pigs for improving health and disease prevention.
Darmohray, L.M., & Gonchar, M.V. (2015). Bioactivity of Pure Cultures of Bacteria and Yeast in the Back-ground Action of the Water Extract of a Plant Galega orientalis (Lam). Research & Reviews: Journal of Vet-erinary Sciences, 1(1), 82–85. http://www.rroij.com/open-access/bioactivity-of-pure-cultures-of-bacteria-and-yeast-in-the-background-action-of-the-water-extract-of-a-plant-galega-orientalis-lam.php?aid=59849.
Darmohray, L.M., Gutyj, B.V., & Darmohray, О.О. (2018). Antimicrobic activity concept of water extract of plants Galega orientalis (Lam.). Scientific Messenger of Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. 20(87), 122–125. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet8724.
Darmohray, L.M., Orishchuk, O.S., Tsap, S.V., & Cher-nenko, O.M. (2019). Environmental justification for using of active yeast in laying hens diet. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(2), 189–194. https://www.ujecology.com/abstract/environmental-justification-for-using-of-active-yeast-in-laying-hens-diet-43898.html.
De Martino, L., De Feo, V., Formisano, C., Mignola, E., & Senatore, F. (2009). Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils from Three Chemotypes of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum (Link) Ietswaart Growing Wild in Campania (Southern Italy). Molecules, 14, 2735–2746. doi: 10.3390/molecules14082735.
Gutiérrez-Grijalva, E.P., Picos-Salas, M.A., Leyva-López, N., Criollo-Mendoza, M.S., Vazquez-Olivo, G., & Heredia, J.B. (2018). Flavonoids and Phenolic Acids from Oregano: Occurrence, Biological Activity and Health Benefits. Plants, 7(1), 2–23. doi: 10.3390/plants7010002.
Iskra, R.Ia. (2012). Aktyvnist enzymiv vuhlevodnoho obminu ta vmist hliukozy v krovi svynomatok i po-rosiat za dodavannia do ratsionu nanotsytratu khro-mu. Naukovi dopovidi NUBiP, 8(30), 2–8 (in Ukraini-an).
Lukas, B., Schmiderer, C., & Novak, J. (2015). Essential oil diversity of European Origanum vulgare L. (Lamiaceae). Phytochemistry, 119, 32–40. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2015.09.008.
Marcin, А., Lauková, А., Molnárová, J., & Valiga, І. (2004). Využitie pamajoránovej a šalviovej silice pre zlepšenie produkčných a zdravotných parametrov odstavených prasiat. http://old.agroporadenstvo.sk/rv/ liecivky/vyuz_silice.htm (in Slovak).
Martyshuk, T.V., & Gutyj, B.V. (2019). Influence of feed additive “Butaselmevit-Plus” on antioxidant status of rats in conditions of oxidative stress. Scientific Messenger of Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural sciences, 21(90), 76– 81. doi: 10.32718/nvlvet-a9013.
Milevskaya, V.V., Temerdashev, Z.A., Butyl’skaya, T.S. et al. (2017). Determination of phenolic compounds in medicinal plants from the Lamiaceae familyJ. Anal Chem., 72, 342. doi: 10.1134/S1061934817030091.
Milos, M., Mastelic, J., & Jerkovic, I. (2000). Chemical composition and antioxidant effect of glycosidically bound volatile compounds from oregano (Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum). Food Chemistry, 71(1), 79–83. doi: 10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00144-8.
Mith, H., Dure, R., Delcenserie, V., Zhiri, A., Daube, G., & Clinquart, A. (2014). Antimicrobial Activities of Es-sential Oils and Their Components against Food-Borne Pathogens and Food Spoilage Bacteria. Food Science & Nutrition, 2, 403–416. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.116.
Oravec, V., Varga, I., Repcak, M., Hulikova, A., & Cerny, J. (1988). Patent No. 245316, Office for Patents and Discoveries, Czechoslovak Republic (in Slovak).
Peleno, R.A. (2019). Mikrobiotsenoz kyshechnyku ta imunnyi status porosiat za nematodozno-protozooznoi invazii i khimioprofilaktyky. Lvivskyi natsionalnyi universytet veterynarnoi medytsyny ta biotekhnolohii imeni S.Z. Gzhytskoho. Dr. Vet. Sci [thesis], Lviv (in Ukrainian).
Poracova, J., & Sutiakova, I. (2003). Fytogenne krmne aditiva z liecivych rastin a ich vyuzitie vo zvysovani kvality produktov v zivocisnej vyrobe. In: Kvalita-tivne aspekty pestovania a spracovania liecivych, ar-omatickych a koreninovych rastlin: zbornik z od-borneho seminara s medzinarodnou ucast'ou, Agroin-stitut Nitra, 4. decembra 2003. Nitra: Agroinstitut, 42–45 (in Slovak).
Salamon, I., & Hrytsyna, M. (2019). Veterinary Medicine and the Use of Medicinal Plants. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 21(94), 121–126. doi: 10.32718/nvlvet9422.
Salamon, I., Kryvtsova, M., Bucko, D., & Tarawneh Amer, H. (2018). Chemical characterization and an-timicrobial activity of some essential oils after their industrial large-scale distillation. The Journal of Mi-crobiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 8(3), 965–969. doi: 10.15414/jmbfs.2018-188.8.131.525-969.
Shesterynska, V.V., Trokoz, V.O, Karpovskyi, V.I., Maksin, V.I., & Kryvoruchko, D.I. (2012). Dynamika vmistu hliukozy v krovi svynei riznykh typiv nervovoi systemy za umov dodavannia do ratsionu “Iodis-kontsentratu”. Biolohiia tvaryn, 14(1), 295–299 (in Ukrainian).
Stybel, V., Gutyj, B., Hariv, I., Slivinska, L., & Prijma, O. (2019). Effect of “Amprolinsyl” and “Amprolium 22%” on morphological indices of blood of turkeys for eumeria invasion. Scientific Messenger of Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Bio-technologies. Series: Veterinary sciences, 21(94), 157–162. doi: 10.32718/nvlvet9429.
Abstract views: 2 PDF Downloads: 1