Epizootiology of Infectious Diseases of Dog in Some States in Nigeria (2015–2018)


  • M. T. Tion College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3297-7516
  • G. A. Zon Sumy National Agrarian University, Sumy, Ukraine
  • H. A. Fotina Sumy National Agrarian University, Sumy, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0761-3681
  • K. I. Ogbu Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria
  • S. A. Nguetyo College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
  • A. A. Amine College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
  • J. O. Oochi College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
  • M. T. Ojeamiren College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
  • A. A. Saganuwan College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0963-5569
Keywords: Epizootiology, dog, incidence, infectious diseases, Nigeria

Abstract

An epizootiology of infectious diseases/conditions of dog in some veterinary clinics from Benue, Plateau states and the Federal Capital Territory in Nigeria were assessed from 2015 to 2018. This study revealed about seventeen (17) infectious clinical cases/conditions from 1865 cases recorded within the period of four (4) years. These comprised of helminthoses (17.8%) having the highest prevalence followed by babesiosis (17.5%), parvovirosis (15.9%), ectoparasitism (11.3%), scepticemia (6.9%), Mange (5.7%), urinary tract infections (4.7%), canine distemper (4.2%), colitis (3.9%), myiasis (2.7%), trypanosomosis (2.1%), leptospirosis and transmissible venereal tumor (1.9%), respiratory infections (1.7%), otitis (1.0%) and orchitis (0.7%). Puppies (06 months old) 50.2% were mostly affected. Incidences of diseases were more in Alsatians (23.7%), Cross (22.9%), Nigerian indigenous breed (20.5%), Caucasian (9.6%) and Rottweiler (8.9%). More cases of vaccinated (68.7%) were recorded against the unvaccinated (31.3%) dogs while male (57.1%) dogs had a higher frequency of cases as compared with their female (42.9%) counterpart. Disease incidence was highest in dry season (54.3%) especially in the months of December (13.3%), January (11.1%) and February (10.6%).The highest frequency of disease incidence was recorded in 2015 (36.4%). Most the infectious clinical cases/conditions recorded from this study were preventable cases demanding veterinary care in order to prevent the risk of zoonosis.

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Published
2019-12-14
How to Cite
Tion, M., Zon, G., Fotina, H., Ogbu, K., Nguetyo, S., Amine, A., Oochi, J., Ojeamiren, M., & Saganuwan, A. (2019). Epizootiology of Infectious Diseases of Dog in Some States in Nigeria (2015–2018). Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 21(96), 33-40. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet9606

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