Features of the course and treatment of chronic catarrhal gingivitis in dogs


  • N. M. Khomyn Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2239-9334
  • A. R. Mysak Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0063-3532
  • S. V. Tsisinska Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4998-3952
  • V. V. Pritsak Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2687-6444
  • N. V. Nazaruk Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2244-449X
  • M. M. Khomyn Іnstitute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv, Ukraine
Keywords: teeth, chlorhexidine, chitosan ascorbate, metronidazole, vitamin-mineral supplement, tartar, microflora, inflammation

Abstract

Chronic catarrhal gingivitis is a polyetiological disease, in the pathogenesis of which the main role belongs to the microorganisms of the oral cavity of the dog, odontogenic deposition in the form of dental plaques and tartar. These depositions, due to the constant irritation of the gums cause disease, the main clinical signs of which are halitosis, poor feed intake, swelling and bleeding gums. The problem of chronic catarrhal gingivitis treatment is devoted to numerous inverstigations, the priority of which is a comprehensive approach, which includes a step-by-step influence on the etiological and pathogenetic mechanisms of the disease. Therefore, the purpose of the work is to study the features of the course of chronic catarrhal gingivitis and to develop a method for the treatment of dogs with dental disease. The prevalence gingivitis in dogs, the influence of microflora on the condition of the oral cavity in chronic catarrhal gingivitis, was investigated the symptomatology of the disease, was established the value of clinical indicators and dental indices and tests, which reflect the intensity and nature of the inflammatory process in the gums of dogs suffering from chronic catarrhal gingivitis, and a method of treating dental animals was developed. The results of the inverstigations showed that the application by application to the mucous membrane of gums 0.05% solution of chlorhexidine  and a gel composition of 4% chitosan ascorbate with metronidazole, and also feeding once a day for 30 days of the vitamin-mineral supplement “Canvit Biocal Plus” in the complex treatment of dogs with chronic catarrhal gingivitis helps to reduce the recovery period of dogs by 5 days.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Denisenko, V.N., & Kesareva, E.A. (2011). Klinicheskaya interpretatsiya biohimicheskih pokazateley syivorotki krovi sobak i koshek. M.: Izd: Kolos (in Russian).

Frolov, V.V. (2004). Bolezni zubov i slizistoy obolochki polosti rta u sobak. M.: Akvarium-LTD (in Russian).

Frolov, V.V. (2008). Parodontologiya. Osnovnyie prob-lemyi diagnostiki i lecheniya parodonta u sobak. Vet-erinarnaya klinika, 10(77), 34–35 (in Russian).

Frolov, V.V. (2009). Ostryie i hronicheskie bolezni para-donta u sobak. Trudy VIII Mizhnarodnoyi naukovo-praktychnoyi veterynarnoyi konferentsiyi z problem dribnyh tvaryn. Uman, 154–159 (in Russian).

Guselnikov, E.V. (2003). Zabolevaniya organov rotovoy polosti. Vestnik veterinarnoy meditsinyi, 4, 18–20 (in Russia).

Holt, Dzh., Krig, N., & Snit, P. (1997). Opredelitel bakterij Berdzhi. T. 1. M.: Mir. http://www.rfbr.ru/rffi/ru/books/o_59110 (in Rus-sian).

Khomyn, N. M., & Kostyshyn, L. (2015). Peculiarities of periodontitis in dogs. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 17(1), 213-220. https://nvlvet.com.ua/index.php/journal/article/ view/249.

Khomyn, N., Mysak, A., Iglitskej, I., Pritsak, V., & Semeniyk, N. (2017). Treatment of dogs for periodontal diseases. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 19(82), 170–174. https://nvlvet.com.ua/index.php/journal/ article/view/1359.

Khomyn, N.M., Mysak, A.R., Iglitskej, I.I., Nazaruk, N.V., & Grymak, Y.I. (2016). Spreading and reason of parodont disease rise in dogs and cats. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 18(1), 194–198. https://nvlvet.com.ua/ index.php/journal/article/view/72.

Komarov, F.I., Korovin, B.F., & Menshikov, V.V. (2001). Biohimicheskie issledovaniya v klinike. M., Elista: APP “Dzhangar”, 35–40 (in Russian).

Kuhtyn, M.D (2009). Mikrobni bioplivky – yavysche isnuvannya ta zahystu mikroorganizmiv. Veterynar-na medytsyna Ukrayiny, 10, 20–21 (in Ukrainian).

Kulinich, S.M., & Sarantseva, N.K. (2011). Porivnyaina efektivnist fizichnogo ta mehanichnogo metodiv znyattya zubnogo kamenyu u dribnyh tvaryn za par-adontytu. Visnyk Poltavskoyi derzhavnoyi agrarnoyi akademiyi, 2, 108–111 (in Ukrainian).

Kutsevlyak, V.F., & Lahtin, Yu.V. (2002). Indeksnaya otsenka parodontalnogo statusa. Uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. Sumyi: VVP “MrIya-1” LTD (in Russian).

Spirina, A.S. (2016). Stomatologicheskie zabolevaniya. Bolezni parodonta u sobak i koshek. Mir veterinarii, 4, 50–54 (in Russian).

Timofeev, C.B. (2007). Stomatologiya zhivotnyih. M.: Agrovet (in Russian).

Vasileva, M.B. (2006). Vospalitelnyie zabolevaniya parodonta u sobak. Avtoref. dis… na soisk. nauch. stepeni kand. vet. nauk: spets. 16.00.05 “Veteri-narnaya hirurgiya”. Sankt–Peterburg (in Russian).

Abstract views: 1
PDF Downloads: 0
Published
2019-12-14
How to Cite
Khomyn, N., Mysak, A., Tsisinska, S., Pritsak, V., Nazaruk, N., & Khomyn, M. (2019). Features of the course and treatment of chronic catarrhal gingivitis in dogs. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 21(96), 53-57. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet9609

Most read articles by the same author(s)