The influence of Zinc and Manganese chelates (pantothenates) on some chicken broiler metabolism indicators
The article presents the results of the use of the vitamin-amino acid chelates (pantothenates) of Zinc and Manganese in order to study their effect on some indicators of avian metabolism. The studies were started on 14-day Cobb 500 broiler chickens in the poultry farm of the Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University Training and Production Center. For this purpose, 3 groups poultry were formed: two experimental ones (Zinc and Manganese chelates were fed to the main diet with water) and a control group (50 heads each). During the experiment (14, 21, 28 days), weighed chickens followed by blood sampling for biochemical study. In the group where the chelates were drunk at a dose of 0.2 ml/l of water over the next 14 days, there was a tendency to increase the absolute weight gain in broiler chickens to 943.0 ± 25.94 g (770–1073), compared with the control – 883.2 ± 24.64 g (740–1140). The bird, which was given chelates at a dose of 0,1 ml/l of water for 14 days, increased the content of total protein in the serum by 10.3% compared to the beginning of the study, and was 30.9 ± 0.71 g/l (P < 0.001). In the second group (chelate dose of 0.2 ml/l water), this indicator increased by 11.2% and amounted to 30.2 ± 0.82 g/l (P < 0.01). At the end of the experiment (28 days of cultivation), the albumin content in the blood of the birds of the first and second experimental groups was 18.6 ± 0.36 and 18.7 ± 0.37 g/l (P < 0.001 before the first selection). Manganese concentration in broiler chickens of the second experimental group on the 28th day was 3.6 ± 0.28 μmol/l and was higher than the control (2.7 ± 0.25 μmol/l; P < 0.01). At doses of 0,1 ml/l of water (1st experimental group), there was a tendency to increase the amount of this trace element in serum to 3.2 ± 0.16 μmol/l (1.4–4,0). After 14 days of chelating, Zinc content in the serum of chickens of the first experimental group increased by 20% and amounted to 27.9 ± 0.60 μmol/l, in its second – concentration increased by 25.8% (28.3 ± 0.76 μmol/l; P < 0.001) compared to the start of the experiment. Therefore, the use of the vitamin-amino acid chelates of Zinc and Manganese for 14 days at a dose of 0,1 and 0.2 ml/l of water contributed to the increase in weight gain, increase of total protein, Manganese and Zinc in the serum of broiler chickens.
Aschner, J.L., & Aschner, M. (2005). Nutritional aspects of manganese homeostasis. Molecular Aspects of Medicine, 26(4–5), 353–362. doi: 10.1016/j.mam.2005.07.003.
Bao, Y.M., Choct, M., Iji, P.A., & Bruerton, K. (2010). Trace mineral interactions in broiler chicken diets. British Poultry Science, 51(1), 109–117. doi: 10.1080/00071660903571904.
De Marco, M., Zoon, M.V., Margetyal, C., Picart, C., & Ionescu, C. (2017). Dietary administration of glycine complexed trace minerals can improve performance and slaughter yield in broilers and reduces mineral excretion. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 232, 182–189. doi: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2017.08.016.
Directive. (2010). Directive 2010/63/EU of the european parliament and of the council of 22 September 2010 on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes. L 276/33. 20.10.2010. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:276:0033:0079:en:PDF.
Ellen, B.B., Merca, F.E., Angeles, A.A., Acda, S.P., & Luis, E.S. (2012). Effects of supplementing diets with amino acid chelates of Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Iron on the performance of broilers. Philipp J Vet Anim Sci, 38(1), 1–10.
Ivanišinová, O., Grešáková, Ľ., Ryzner, M., Oceľová, V., & Čobanová, K. (2016). Effects of feed supplementation with various zinc sources on mineral concentration and selected antioxidant indices in tissues and plasma of broiler chickens. Acta Veterinaria Brno, 85(3), 285–291. doi: 10.2754/avb201685030285.
Kelly, L.M., & Alworth, L.C. (2013). Techniques for collecting blood from the domestic chicken. Lab Animal, 42(10), 359–361. doi: 10.1038/laban.394.
Kwiecień, M., Winiarska-Mieczan, A., Milczarek, A., & Klebaniuk, R. (2017). Biological response of broiler chickens to decreasing dietary inclusion levels of zinc glycine chelate. Biological Trace Element Research, 175(1), 204–213. doi: 10.1007/s12011-016-0743-y.
Li, L., Abouelezz, K.F.M., Gou, Z., Lin, X., Wang, Y., Fan, Q., & Jiang, Z. (2019). Optimization of dietary zinc requirement for broiler breeder hens of chinese yellow-feathered chicken. Animals, 9(7), 472. doi: 10.3390/ani9070472.
Mohammadi, V., Ghazanfari, S., Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh, A., & Nazaran, M.H. (2015). Comparative effects of zinc-nano complexes, zinc-sulphate and zinc-methionine on performance in broiler chickens. British Poultry Science, 56(4), 486–493. doi: 10.1080/00071668.2015.1064093.
Olgun, O. (2017). Manganese in poultry nutrition and its effect on performance and eggshell quality. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 73(01), 45–56. doi: 10.1017/S0043933916000891.
Richards, J.D., Zhao, J., Harrell, R.J., Atwell, C.A., & Dibner, J.J. (2010). Trace Mineral Nutrition in Poultry and Swine. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 23(11), 1527–1534. doi: 10.5713/ ajas.2010.r.07.
Shastak, Y., & Rodehutscord, M. (2015). A review of the role of magnesium in poultry nutrition. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 71(01), 125–138. doi: 10.1017/S0043933915000112.
Slivinska, L., Demydjuk, S., Shcherbatyy, A., Fedorovich, V., & Tyndyk, I. (2017). Etіologіja ta klіnіko-bіohіmіchnі pokaznyky krovі za alіmentarnoi osteo-dystrofіi korіv. [Etiology of this clinical-biochemical index of the roof for alimentary osteodystrophy of the roots]. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 19(73), 79–83. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet7317 (in Ukrainian).
Sridhar, K., Nagalakshmi, D., & Rama Rao, S.V. (2015). Effect of graded concentration of organic zinc (zinc glycinate) on skin quality, hematological and serum biochemical constituents in broiler chicken. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 85(6), 643–648.
Stanaćev, V.S., Milošević, N., Stanaćev, V.Ž., Puvača, N., Milić, D., & Pavlovski, Z. (2014). Chelating forms of microelements in poultry nutrition. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 70(01), 105–112. doi: 10.1017/S0043933914000099.
Sun, Q., Guo, Y., Li, J., Zhang, T., & Wen, J. (2012). Effects of methionine hydroxy analog chelated cu/mn/zn on laying performance, egg quality, enzyme activity and mineral retention of laying hens. The Journal of Poultry Science, 49(1), 20–25. doi: 10.2141/jpsa.011055.
Tufarelli, V., & Laudadio, V. (2017). Manganese and its role in poultry nutrition: an overview. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences, 5(6), 749–754. doi: 10.18006/2017.5(6).749.754.
Vieira, S.L. (2008). Chelated minerals for poultry. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 10(4), 73–79. doi: 10.1590/S1516-635X2008000200001.
Yenice, E., Mızrak, C., Gültekin, M., Atik, Z., & Tunca, M. (2015). Effects of organic and inorganic forms of manganese, zinc, copper, and chromium on bioavailability of these minerals and calcium in late-phase laying hens. Biological Trace Element Research, 167(2), 300–307. doi: 10.1007/s12011-015-0313-8.
Zhao, J., Shirley, R. B., Vazquez-Anon, M., Dibner, J.J., Richards, J.D., Fisher, P., Giesen, A.F. (2010). Effects of chelated trace minerals on growth performance, breast meat yield, and footpad health in commercial meat broilers. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 19(4), 365–372. doi: 10.3382/japr.2009-00020.
Strіha, M., & Іl'chenko, M. (2017). Іnnovacіjnі rozrobky unіversytetіv і naukovyh ustanov MON Ukrainy. [Innovative development of universities and scientific institutions of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine]. Іnstytut obdarovanoi dytyny NAPN Ukrainy, Kyiv (in Ukrainian).
Zlamanjuk, L.M. (2017). Vplyv rіznyh rіvnіv kal'cіju ta fosforu u kombіkormah na mіneral'nyi sklad skeletu japons'kyh perepelіv. [The influence of different rivniv calcium and phosphorus in combines on the mineral harmony of the skeleton of Japanese perepeliv]. Ukrainan Jornal of Ecology, 7(2), 14–18. doi: 10.15421/201715 (in Ukrainian).
Onyshhenko, G.G., Zajceva, N.V., & Ulanova, T.S. (2011). Kontrol' soderzhanija himicheskih soedinenij i jelementov v biologicheskih sredah: rukovodstvo. [Control of the content of chemical compounds and elements in biological environments: leadership]. Perm': Onishhenko G.G. (in Russian).
Fedak, N.M., Vovk, Ja.S., Chumachenko, S.P., & Dushara, І.V. (2012). Mіneral''nі rechovyny v godіvlі sіl''s''kogospodars''kyh tvaryn. [Mineral substances in farm animal feeds]. Peredgіrne ta gіrs'ke zemlerobstvo і tvarinnictvo, 1(54), 128–135 (in Ukrainian).
Caruk, L.L., Berezhnjuk, N.A., & Chornolata, L.P. (2017). Balans mіneral'nyh rechovyn u organіzmі kurchat-brojlerіv. [Balance of mineral substances in the body of broiler chickens]. Agrarna Nauka ta Harchovі Tehnologіi, 2(96), 111–117 (in Ukrainian).
Abstract views: 0 PDF Downloads: 0