Efficiency of application of modern sanitation supplies in beekeeping


  • M. V. Leshchyshyn Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine
  • I. V. Dvylyuk Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6320-4778
  • M. M. Rykniuk Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine
Keywords: honey bees (Apis mellifera), hive, desinfection, nanopartale.

Abstract

The article presents the results of studies of the effect of commercial disinfectants registered in Ukraine and allowed for use in beekeeping, as well as a comparative characteristic of their effectiveness in the disinfection of wooden beehive structures. The research was conducted on the basis of the departments of hygiene, sanitation and general veterinary prevention and technology of production and processing of products of small animals of the Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after S.Z. Gzhytskyi and SLW “Biolab” Food and Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (Ostroda, Poland). For research in the spring and summer period 4 groups of test objects were formed on the principle of analogues. Distilled water was used to control disinfection (test group 1). In the second experimental group for disinfection used Brovadez-20 (active substance benzalkonium chloride 0.5%), in the third experimental group гру Vetox-1000 (active substance hypochlorite 0.3%) and in the fourth experimental group – Sumerian silver”(active ingredient of 10% citrate of Argentum citrate). In a comparative analysis of the effectiveness of the disinfectants of the II, III and IV groups, the growth of gram-positive (Streptomyces badius, Curtobakterium) and gram-negative bacteria (Xanthomonas hyacinthi, Pseudomonas alcaligenes, Acidovorax defluvii) was detected, respectively, among the endophores. In the current literature, information on the threat to the health of the honey bee detected by microorganisms is missing. According to the research, certain differences between the effectiveness of disinfectants have been established. It was found that the total microbial number (BMI) was 0.15% in group II, 0.16% in group III and up to 0.10% in group IV relative to control. It was found that the Sumer silver disinfectant at 10% concentration provides the best bactericidal effect (P < 0.001). In a comparative intergroup analysis of the effectiveness of disinfectants, it was found that in the conditions of the experiment, the level of bactericidal activity was the highest in the experiment with the SMC in the case of the use of Sumer silver was 32.3% and 34.4% better compared to Brovades-20 and Vetox-1000”, respectively. The use of Sumerian silver allows you to get the desired result 10 and 4 times faster than the disinfectants Brovadez-20 and Vetox-1000 respectively.

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Published
2019-12-14
How to Cite
Leshchyshyn, M., Dvylyuk, I., & Rykniuk, M. (2019). Efficiency of application of modern sanitation supplies in beekeeping. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 21(96), 185-191. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet9632