Morphological particulars of the liver of laying hens of cross “Lohmann Brown” under hepatosis
The article presents the results of histological examinations of the liver of laying hens at age 166, 300 and 530 days, in which according to the results of biochemical analysis of blood serum revealed a subclinical course of hepatosis. The purpose of our study was the early diagnosis of this pathology and the study of the histological structure of the liver in different periods of poultry productivity. The work was performed at LLC Agro Firm “Zagai” of Kamianka-Buzkyi district of Lviv region. Autopsy and examination of histological specimens were performed at the Department of Normal and Pathological Morphology and Forensic Veterinary at Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv. The macroscopic examination of the liver showed that in part of laying hens at 166 days of age, in most of laying hens at 300 days old and in all of laying hens at 530 days old examined, the liver was slightly enlarged, of a sluggish consistency and unevenly colored. It should also be noted that, in addition to severe dystrophic changes in the liver, 530 days of laying hens also showed signs of general obesity. The study of histological specimens installed that in part of laying hens at 166 days of age, the liver lobules were disordered, in resulting was disrupted their beam structure. At the same time, cytoplasm of hepatocytes is somewhat cloudy and visible granularity. In laying hens at age 300 and 530 days installed the discomplexation of the beam structure of the organ and the presence of small and large droplets of fat vacuoles in hepatocytes are indicated, which indicate about the development of fatty dystrophy. The results of the morphological study indicate the presence in the liver of laying hens signs of acute and chronic pathological processes, which with age are complicated by dystrophic changes of the organ.
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