Veterinary and sanitary evaluation of sausage products in Zhytomyr according to quality and safety indicators
Considering the issue of proper veterinary and sanitary control over the production of sausage products, identification of their quality and safety criteria is extremely important. The aim of our research was to carry out a comparative analysis of the quality and safety of sausage products “Miasna Hyldia” of Ltd Zhytomyr Meat Processing Plant i VTF “Marian” Ltd, which is implemented in the trade network of Zhytomyr. The research and production experiment was carried out in the conditions of the sanitary-hygienic laboratory and bacteriological laboratory of the State Institution “Zhytomyr Regional Laboratory Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine”. Samples of sausages (6 samples of each species) were taken directly from the trading kiosks of Zhytomyr in the autumn season. According to organoleptic studies, the sausages boiled and smoked by both producers had a dry, durable, elastic shell, mold, and no mildew; the consistency of the section was dense both at the periphery and in the center; noted pink, uniform coloring of minced meat on the cut, white pork. Samples of cooked sausages were made by both manufacturers: there was no dry, elastic shell without damage, mucus and mold; minced sausage slices were evenly colored, white pork. The texture of the sausages was elastic, the taste of the sausages and wipes was juicy, with the inherent taste and aroma of these products, without the foreign smell and taste, moderately salty. According to the results of bacteriological studies, which were carried out in accordance with the requirements of regulatory documents, bacteria of the group of Escherichia coli were detected in the samples of sausages “Shynkova” and “Sardelky with cheese” manufactured by Ltd VTF Marian. In the samples of “Shynkova” sausage “Miasna Hildiya” Ltd “Zhytomyr Meat Processing Plant” the salt content was 2.6 % at the rate of 2.5 %. According to the regulatory requirements, the permissible content of sodium nitrite is up to 0.005 %, and in the samples of the “Miasna Hildiya” sausage “Molochna”, the Zhytomyr meat processing plant Ltd, this indicator reached 0.0082 %. To increase the safety of sausages, we propose to use a natural dye by the method of Kovbasenko V. M., Gorobeya O. M. (2001), which is made from the blood of slaughter animals by stabilizing its 2–3 % table salt and treatment with 6 % or 9 % alcohol solution of acetic acid and gives the sausages a stable color. To eliminate the risk of hazards in the production of sausages, it is necessary to apply an effective system of quality control and safety according to the HACCP system using critical points of veterinary and sanitary control from procurement of raw materials to processing into meat products, storage, transportation and sale.
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