Comparison of the flank and ventral midline approach for ovariohysterecto-my in bitches
Surgical access for ovariohysterectomy in bitches through the right lateral abdominal wall with an incision in its upper third in the direction from the anterior edge of the macula to the fourth nipple of the corresponding side of the breast is proposed. The article presents the results of studies obtained when used for the purpose of ovariohysterectomy in bitches of operative access through the right lateral and ventral abdominal wall. Research work was conducted on healthy mature bitches. The operations were performed in the area of the right lateral abdominal wall and in the umbilical region. On the lateral abdominal wall, an oblique-vertical incision was used at the border of the inguinal and iliac areas in the direction from the anterior edge of the macula to the fourth nipple of the corresponding side of the breast. The ventral abdominal wall was cut along the white line. It was found that when performing ovariohysterectomy in bitches using the proposed surgical access through the right lateral abdominal wall with a smaller wound size (P < 0.05), the duration of the operation and the healing period correspond to those when using median laparotomy. It is proved that operative access with oblique-vertical incision in the area of the right lateral abdominal wall at the border of the groin and anus during ovariohysterectomy in bitches provides favorable opportunities for surgical reception and closure of the surgical wound. The number of surgical sutures for sutures on the abdominal wall is less than in the case of ventral access (P < 0.01). It is also noted that in ovariohysterectomy in bitches, operative access through the right lateral abdominal wall with an incision in the direction from the anterior edge of the macula to the fourth nipple of the corresponding side of the breast may be recommended as an alternative access through the white line of the abdomen.
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