Factors affecting the minimum detected activity of the GAMMAVISION software report protocol
The article presents the results of a gamma- spectrometer study with a low- capacity scintillation (NaI(Tl)) detection unit, with software GammaVision v.8, adopted to solve certification problems, including for measuring activities close to zero. The list of factors influencing the presentation of the minimum detected activity (MDA) in the report protocol is analyzed software GammaVision v.8. To perform the measurements, the company´s ORTEC gamma-spectrometer with a low-capacity detection unit a type digiBASE-RH, in which a high-voltage power supply unit, amplifier, digital multi-channel analyzer with USB-connection to a computer with the installed driver are installed, was used. The peak search in the library was performed using a compressed version of the library, which contains two nuclides 137Cs and 40K. Methods of calculating MDA are based on the intensity of accounts. Nuclide activity is calculation for all peaks in the library, the energy of which is in the selected energy ranges for analysis. Measurements and calculations MDA under the given conditions of research for five methods depending on time of measurement and geometry of measurements are carried out. It is shown that the level of MDA can be reduced by choosing the optimal conditions, time of measurement and geometry of measurements. Recommendations are given for the use of capacity for counting sample, which will reduce the amount of substance required for analysis and optimize the time spent on measuring the counting sample. In a prospect it is expedient to undertake a study of dependence of MDA from the physical properties and radionuclide composition of the substance for the counting sample and the dependence from the uncertainty in the equation MDA.
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