Hemoglobin content, hematocrit and morphological parameters of blood of piglets under the influence of iron preparations


  • V. B. DuKhnitskyi National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9670-1244
  • I. M. Derkach National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0149-7923
  • S. S. Derkach National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6174-1377
  • I. O. Fritsky Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1092-8035
  • M. O. Plutenko Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9369-0711
  • V. M. Lozovyi National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • V. V. Kostrub National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Yu. V. Loza National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • A. O. Husak Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0906-2497
Keywords: : iron, clatrochelate, anemia, piglets, sows, hemoglobin, hematocrit, morphological parameters, blood.

Abstract

Hypoplastic anemia is a disease that is associated with a decrease in the number of red blood cells and / or hemoglobin per unit volume of blood due to hematopoietic disorders and is manifested by changes in metabolism and growth retardation. Particular attention was paid to changes in the body of piglets of the experimental group compared with the control in the probable period of manifestation of iron deficiency anemia. The uniqueness of the chemical structure of iron (IV) clatrochelate allowed us to assume that intramuscular administration of a solution of this substance to sows will provide the necessary need for iron during the first months of life of piglets. The influence of the proposed scheme of prevention of this pathology on the further development of young pigs was analyzed. The results of the study of erythrocyte count, hemoglobin content and hematocrit were scientifically significant, because the gradual decrease in these indicators after the birth of piglets is a physiologically determined phenomenon for animals of this species. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of Iron (IV) clatrochelate in pregnant sows in order to prevent iron deficiency anemia in piglets and to determine its effect on hemoglobin content, hematocrit and morphological parameters of piglets' blood. To achieve this goal, 2 groups of newborn piglets-analogues were formed during their retention with suckling sows control and experimental, 15 animals in each. The experiment lasted 60 days. Piglets from the experimental group were selected from sows who were injected 10 ml 10 % Iron (IV) clatrochelate solution twice intramuscularly during pregnancy. The results of the studies show that the content of hemoglobin in the blood of piglets of the experimental group was the same as in animals of the control group at 1 and 60 days of life, and 1.11.3 times lower in other periods of the study; hematocrit - was the same on the first day of life and 1.31.9 times lower in other study periods. Quantitative indicators of blood cells of piglets of the control and experimental groups did not exceed the normative values, but the number of erythrocytes in the blood of piglets of the experimental group was probably lower than the control indicator at 5, 9 and 30 days of life.  Therefore, a double injection of 10 % Iron (IV) clatrochelate solution into pregnant sows 14 and 7 days before the expected farrowing provides a preventive effect on iron deficiency anemia in piglets born to them.

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Published
2021-04-05
How to Cite
DuKhnitskyi, V., Derkach, I., Derkach, S., Fritsky, I., Plutenko, M., Lozovyi, V., Kostrub, V., Loza, Y., & Husak, A. (2021). Hemoglobin content, hematocrit and morphological parameters of blood of piglets under the influence of iron preparations. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 23(101), 8-14. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet10102