“EMBIOTIC” Ltd. “EM-Ukraine” – an alternative to antibiotic therapy for digestive disorders in calves
The prophylactic efficacy of diarrhea in calves with different methods and doses of feed additive “EMBIOTIC” during the first 14 days of life was studied. Almost 50 % of dairy calves had symptoms of diarrhea. Effective treatment regimens for such animals included one of the antibiotics (azithromycin or 15 % amoxicillin emulsion) and, if necessary, sulfonamide drugs (trimeratinvet with the drugs sulfadimesine and trimethoprim) or the drug sulfate lozin, which includes sulfonamide and antibiotics (tylosin tartrate, oxytetracycline, sulfadimesine, trimethoprim). Simultaneously, symptomatic therapy was performed with the use of refinery – 10 % solution of ketoprofen in the form of the drug ketonil, which provided analgesia and reduction of body temperature to physiological limits. Еhere is always a drug cyanophore (LR butaphosphane and cyanocobalamin) as a general stimulant in the scheme. To conduct the experiment, 5 groups of animals were formed, 6 in each, age – the first day after birth. From the first to the 14th day of life, from the first or second colostrum, each calf from different groups was given daily 5 cm3, 10 cm3 and 15 cm3 of feed additive “EMBIOTIC”, respectively. The fourth experimental group – control (probiotic was not received), and the fifth – calves obtained from cows, which 10–14 days before and after calving daily with feed or water received 80–100 cm3 of feed additive “EMBIOTIC”, and calves the tested drug was not used. During the experiment twice a day (morning and evening), clinical observation and examination of calves of all experimental groups. Two days later, calves that received 5 cm3, 10 cm3 and 15 cm3 of feed additive “EMBIOTIC” were registered to improve appetite, increased mobility and prolonged and pronounced sleep. In animals that received with milk 10 cm3 and 15 cm3 of feed additives, during the observation period, disorders of the digestive system were not registered. Two calves, receiving 5 cm3 of EMBIOTICS daily, had symptoms of minor diarrhea for only 12 days, but there was no appetite. After 24 hours, the symptoms of indigestion went away on their own without the use of any drugs. Newborn calves obtained from cows that received “EMBIOTIC” as part of their diet or water were rated 9–10 on the Apgar scale. From the 3rd day they ate straw and they registered chewing gum for 3.7 ± 0.2 days of life. Within 14 days of observation of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, they were not registered. Thus, the feed additive “EMBIOTIC” provides prevention of diarrhea in calves.
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