Dynamics of poultry and the current state of poultry in the Western region of Ukraine
One of the most attractive and promising types of agrarian business in Ukraine is poultry farming, the rapid development of which ensures high competitiveness, due to the short period of production, lower compared to other food products of animal origin, price and high demand among consumers. Now, the market of our country has significantly increased demand for turkey meat, which has practically no contraindications, as it does not contain cholesterol, is a gentle, hypoallergenic, dietary product that is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, including omega-3, proteins, essential amino acids, minerals, vitamins A and B, etc. The purpose of the work was to investigate the dynamics of poultry in the period from 2011 to 2020 and to get the current state of poultry in general, and turkey farming in particular, in the Western region of Ukraine. It is found that in the period from 2011 to 2020 the largest number of poultry, 9548.3 ± 447.1 thousand, was kept in farms of Lviv region, slightly less – 8109.1 ± 546,1 thousand of Khmelnytsk region, even less – 7222.1 ± 121.0 and 7682.9 ± 316.2 thousand Volynj and Rivne regions. The farms of Ivano-Frankivsk, Ternopilj, Transcarpathian and Chernivtsi regions was kept 5290.8 ± 284.7 5200.2 ± 86.2, 4127.6 ± 115.2 and 3636.7 ± 50.5 thousand poultry, respectively. The largest poultry population in the farms of Lviv and Volynj regions was in 2020 and amounted to 11938,1 and 8822.4 thousand, respectively, Rivne region – 7742.3 thousand in 2018, Transcarpathian – 4385.8 thousand in 2015, Chernivtsi – 3863.9 thousand in 2012, Ternopilj – 5584.2 thousand in 2019, Khmelnytskyj – 10864.5 thousand in 2014 and Ivano-Frankivsk – 6761.1 thousand in 2011.The lowest number of poultry in farms of Lviv, Rivne, Volynj, Transcarpathian, Ternopilj, Khmelnytskyj regions was in 2011, the number of which was 7961.5, 6721.2, 5933.7, 3126.1, 4681.6, 5069.7 thousand, respectively, and Chernivtsi and Ivano-Frankivsk – 3376.5 and 4175.7 thousand in 2016 and 2017. The smallest number of turkey farms in Western Ukraine was in the period from 2011 to 2013. By 2017, there was an increase in their number by 20 %, and in 2018 – a decrease of 10 % compared to 2017. In 2019, the number of registered enterprises increased by 18.18 %, compared to 2018, and in 2020 their number was the largest.
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