Design of Hapten Synthesis and Antibody Characterization of G-group Aflatoxins
Food and feed contamination with Aflatoxins pose a serious threat to human health and animal husbandry development and has caused widespread concern, among them, G-group Aflatoxins as the main pollutant has attracted more and more attention. In order to establish a rapid, sensitive, specific and efficient immunoassay method for G-group aflatoxins, this study aimed to designed to synthesize 3 immunogens and coating antigens and identified by UV and SDS-PAGE. Then used to immunize Balb/c mice with prepared of three immunogen the titers were determined by indirect ELISA and the sensitivity was determined by competitive indirect ELISA (icELISA), the specificity was assessed by the cross-reaction test (CR). The results of UV and SDS-PAGE showed that the three immunogens and the corresponding coated antigens were successfully synthesized and the best one was SA method among three synthesis methods of G-group AF artificial antigen and its conjugation ratio of AFG1 to BSA was about 5.64∶1. The immune efficacy of SA method was the best, its AFG1 pAb had high titers of 1∶(6.4×103) by indirect ELISA, a good sensitivity with the 50 % inhibition concentration(IC50) of 13.6 μg/kg－1 to AFG1 by blocking ELISA and a high CR to AFG2 of 82.19 %, it showed high specificity for other aflatoxins. The experimental results not only obtained the ideal G group aflatoxin antibody, but also established a substance and technology foundation for G group aflatoxin immunization methods, and can be referenced in the similar tests.
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