Distribution and features of сhorioptosis of cattle as part of mixinvasions in farms of Poltava region

Keywords: cattle, chorioptosis, distribution, mixinvasions, infestation rates


Among ectoparasites that infect cattle, parasitic arthropods are the most common pathogens. These include acariform mites of the Chorioptes Bovis, which cause сhorioptosis in ruminants. Parasitization of these permanent ectoparasites leads to significant losses in livestock due to reduced volumes and quality of industrial products. The study aimed to study the degree of infestation of cattle of different ages with the causative agent of сhorioptosis in farms of Poltava region (Ukraine) and establish the features of acarosis in mixed invasions. Studies have shown that the average extent of сhorioptosic invasion of cattle in the surveyed region was 16.80 %, and the moderate intensity of the invasion – 53.81 specimens of ticks on the body area of 4 cm2. It is proved that the indicators of infection of cattle Ch. Bovis grow with age. In calves, up to 6 months of age, young animals aged 6 to 12 months, heifers older than 12 months, and cows, the intensity of invasion was 9.40, 15.24, 21.84, and 25 %, respectively, and the intensity of invasion was 16.73, 45, 38, 58.89 and 78.61 specimens/4 cm2. It was found that сhorioptosis in cattle more often (68.75 %) occurs in the form of mixinvasions, where co-members of Chorioptes Bovis are parasitic insects (bovicols), cestodes (moniesies), trematodes (paramphistomes), nematodes (strongyloides, trichurises, strongylides of digestive organs) and coccidies (eimeries). Two-component mixinvasions were found in 65.91 % of chorioptosis patients and three-component – in 25 % of infected animals. Four- and five-component mixed invasions were less common (6.82 % and 2.27 %, respectively). A total of 19 species of mixed invasions were identified, 7 of which were two-component, 8 three-component, 3 four-component, and 1 five-component. Simultaneous parasitization of Chorioptes Bovis and strongylide of digestive organs (25 %), bovicoles (15.91 %) in two-component mixinvasions was most often found. Other combinations of parasites were diagnosed less frequently (2.27–6.82 %). The research results expand the already existing scientific data on the peculiarities of the chorioptosis of cattle and will allow us to take them into account when carrying out diagnostic and treatment-and-prophylactic measures for this invasion.


Download data is not yet available.


Beck, W., Pfister, K., & Weiland, G. (2005). Epidemiologische erhebungen zur Chorioptes-räude des rindes in Deutschland [Epidemiological investigations of bovine Chorioptes mange in Germany]. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 118(3-4), 128–133. URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15803760.

Biu, A. А., & Wakawa, M. M. (2004). Chorioptic mange infestation in cattle in Borno State, Nigeria. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 24(3), 155–156.

Castilla-Castano, E., Herman, N., Martinelli, E., Lecru, L. A., Pressanti, C., Schelcher, F., & Cadiergues, M. C. (2021). Treatment of sarcoptic and chorioptic mange in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos) herd with a combination of topical amitraz and subcutaneous ivermectin. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 69(2), 121–126. doi: 10.1080/00480169.2020.1808544.

Cornall, K., & Wall, R. (2015). Ectoparasites of goats in the UK. Veterinary Parasitology, 207(1-2), 176–179. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2014.11.005.

Faccini, J. L. H., & Massard, C. L. (1976). O genero Chorioptes Gervais, 1895, parasita de ruminantes no Brasil (Psoroptidae, Acarina). Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 36, 871–872.

Galat, V. F., Berezovskyj, A. V., Soroka, N. M., Prus, M. P., Yevstafieva, V. O., & Galat, M. V. (2014). Globalna parazytologija. Kyiv: DIA (in Ukrainian).

Heath, A. (2021). Climate change and its potential for altering the phenology and ecology of some common and widespread arthropod parasites in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 69(1), 5–19. doi: 10.1080/00480169.2020.1787276.

Kollbrunner, M., Luginbühl, A., & Pfister, K. (2010). Epidemiologische aspekte zur Chorioptes-Räude bei milchkühen in der Schweiz: eine felduntersuchung [Epidemiological aspects of Chorioptes-mange in dairy cows in Switzerland: a field study]. Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde, 152(5), 231–236. doi: 10.1024/0036-7281/a000054.

Kollbrunner, M., Pfister, K., & Luginbühl, A. (2009). Chorioptes-Räude bei milchkühen: eine neue einschätzung als basis für die bekämpfung [Chorioptic mange in dairy cattle: a new assessment for its control]. Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 122(9-10), 358–363. doi: 10.2376/0005-9366-122-358.

Lusat, J., Bornstein, S., & Wall, R. (2011). Chorioptes mites: re-evaluation of species integrity. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 25(4), 370–376. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00951.x.

Nematollahi, A., Moghaddam, G. A., & Golezardy, H. (2007). An outbreak of Chorioptes bovis mange on a dairy farm in Tabriz, Iran. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research, 8(4), 351–354. doi: 10.22099/ijvr.2007.26.

Reddy, N. R. J., Murthy, C., Souza, P. E. D., Jagannath, M. S., & Rao, P. M. (1992). Generalised chorioptic mange in a cow – a case report. Indian Veterinary Journal, 69, 547–549.

Rehbein, S., Winter, R., Visser, M., Maciel, A. E., & Marley, S. E. (2005). Chorioptic mange in dairy cattle: treatment with eprinomectin pour-on. Parasitology Research, 98(1), 21–25. doi: 10.1007/s00436-005-0005-y.

Rhodes, A. P. (1976). The effect of extensive chorioptic mange of the scrotum on reproductive function of the ram. Australian Veterinary Journal, 52(6), 250–257. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1976.tb00100.x.

Rosen, S., Yeruham, I., & Hadani, A. (1989). Chorioptes texanus (Hirst, 1924), Psoroptidae on cattle in Israel. Acarologia, 30, 373–376. URL: https://www1.montpellier. inrae.fr/CBGP/acarologia/article.php?id=2497.

Shibata, A., Yachimori, S., Morita, T., Kanda, E., Ike, K., & Imai, S. (2003). Chorioptic mange in a wild Japanese serow. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 39(2), 437–440. doi: 10.7589/0090-3558-39.2.437.

Vieira, M. I., Bordin, T., Dall'Agnol, B., Zanchin, F., Motta, A. C., & Noro, M. (2014). Re-emergence of Chorioptes bovis (Acari: Psoroptidae) in cattle in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 23(4), 530–533. doi: 10.1590/S1984-29612014090.

Yeruham, I., Hadani, A., Sklar, A., & Monbaz, A. (1981). The occurrence of chorioptic mange in dairy cattle in Israel. Refuah Veterinarith, 38, 176–179.

Yeruham, I., Hadani, A., & Rosen, S. (1991). Chorioptic mange (Chorioptes bovis Hering, 1845) in sheep in Israel and its control with ivomec. Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 46, 148–149.

Yevstafieva, V. O., & Havryk, K. A. (2014). Udoskonalennia metodiv zazhyttievoi diahnostyky sarkoptozu, otodektozu ta demodekozu sobak. Visnyk Poltavskoi Derzhavnoi Ahrarnoi Akademii, 4, 62–64. doi: 10.31210/visnyk2014.04.11 (in Ukrainian).

Yevstafieva, V. O., Havryk, K. A., & Havryk, B. A. (2015). Rekomendatsii shchodo diahnostyky ta zakhodiv borotby z akarozamy sobak. Poltava (in Ukrainian).

Yuskiv, I. D. (1998). Akarolohichni doslidzhennia tvaryn ta akarytsydy. Lviv: Kameniar (in Ukrainian).

Abstract views: 22
PDF Downloads: 16
How to Cite
Kovalenko, S. (2021). Distribution and features of сhorioptosis of cattle as part of mixinvasions in farms of Poltava region. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 23(104), 126-130. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet10420