Veterinary and sanitary assessment of food products on quality and safety indicators in Zhytomyr region


  • V. A. Kotelevych Polissia National University, Zhytomyr, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5886-1917
  • I. A. Volkivskyi Main Department of the State Food and Consumer Service in Zhytomyr Oblast, Zhytomyr, Ukraine
  • O. V. Pinskyi Zhytomyr Regional State Laboratory of the Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Zhytomyr, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1978-5261
  • L. V. Matseiko Zhytomyr Regional State Laboratory of the Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Zhytomyr, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9693-0736
  • L. M. Davydenko Zhytomyr Regional State Laboratory of the Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Zhytomyr, Ukraine
  • O. V. Stoliarenko Zhytomyr Regional State Laboratory of the Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Zhytomyr, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1402-6776
Keywords: food, toxic elements, pesticides, mycotoxins, antibiotics, radionuclides, Salmonella, food poisoning.

Abstract

The veterinary and sanitary assessment results of food products according to SLVSE agro-food markets of Zhytomyr and Zhytomyr region and Zhytomyr regional state laboratory of the Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection for 2021 are presented. In total, 68.151 tons of products were not allowed to be sold, and 8866 positive research results were obtained, including 50 carcasses and 3305 cases of invasive and non-communicable diseases. The main reason for the rejection of offal in 2021 was invasive and non-communicable diseases, which significantly worsened the sanitary indicators of product quality. MAFAnM of the liver, which was cleaned due to fasciolosis, is higher than in the same organ obtained from healthy animals by 86.0 %. The highest percentage of affected samples for E. coli was found in the study of the lungs (50.0 %), in the presence of Klebsiella – the heart (50.0 %.). In terms of quality and safety (the content of toxic elements, pesticides, mycotoxins, antibiotics, radionuclides), the studied 212838 food samples in 47 exceeded the content of 137Cs following the State Hygienic Standards. The most dangerous are the gifts of the forest. Excess was found in 30 samples of fresh mushrooms and 13 – dry. The specific activity of 137Cs in the sample of fresh mushrooms from Popelny exceeded DR-2006 6.9 times, five samples from Lugin – 1.4–2.0 times, nine samples from Narodychi – the maximum exceedance 2.2 times, six samples from Novograd – 1.2–1.8 times, six samples from Ovruch – 1.2–1.7 times. The specific activity on the content of 137Cs in 3 samples of dried mushrooms from Narodychi exceeded DR-2006 by 2.1–6.7 times, two samples from Olevsk – by 1.6 and 5.6 times, 1 sample from Lugin – by 2.6 times, four samples from Ovruch – 1.0–1.6 times, three samples from Yemilchino – 1.0–1.1 times). The system of monitoring sanitary-hazardous pathogens and residual amounts of toxic substances and radionuclides remains the guarantor of food safety in Ukraine. To eliminate the risk of food consumer hazards, it is necessary to improve the control system of raw materials used to manufacture products, safety indicators at all stages of production from the field – to the table, and remove substandard products.

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Published
2022-05-04
How to Cite
Kotelevych, V., Volkivskyi, I., Pinskyi, O., Matseiko, L., Davydenko, L., & Stoliarenko, O. (2022). Veterinary and sanitary assessment of food products on quality and safety indicators in Zhytomyr region. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 24(105), 120-128. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet10517