Overview: eutanasia and methods of antanasia of animals

  • S. Nichiporuk National University of life and environmental sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • M. Radzikhovskyi National University of life and environmental sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0518-8148
  • B. Gutyj Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5971-8776
Keywords: euthanasia, barbiturates, pentobarbital, T-61, humane euthanasia


The attention of modern society to euthanasia has increased because many centuries ago, a social phenomenon was established, associated not only with the achievements of medical science but also with changing values of the individual and society, actualizing the problem, considering them family members. The number of euthanasia animals has fallen sharply in recent decades. This was facilitated by the adoption of animal protection programs, as well as increasing the social value of animals – the consideration of animals not only as property but also the recognition of some of their rights to welfare. The article discusses the ethical aspects of veterinary practice related to euthanasia, as the relationship between animal and human is constantly changing, ultimately changing the veterinary profession's landscape. When carrying out any manipulations, the relationship between the animal and the owner should be considered. In addition, the rapid development of medicine leads to new opportunities for animal care and the creation of ethical and moral dilemmas regarding the possible improvement of patients' lives. Particular attention is paid to the impact of euthanasia on the morale of the veterinarian, as well as the level of preparation for this manipulation and further communication with the owners. The article presents the preconditions and indications for this procedure and the research results on the leading causes of euthanasia. Particular attention is paid to the euthanasia of laboratory and warm-blooded animals for use in biological experiments. Methods and methods of euthanasia of animals following the European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals and the Law of Ukraine On Protection of Animals from Cruelty, which are divided into recommended, acceptable, conditionally acceptable, unacceptable. The information on the list of possible drugs for euthanasia is given. The classification of euthanasia methods and the use of humane methods of ending animal life is given in the example of Canadian shelters.


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How to Cite
Nichiporuk, S., Radzikhovskyi, M., & Gutyj, B. (2022). Overview: eutanasia and methods of antanasia of animals. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 24(105), 141-148. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet10520

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