Trichinosis in Ukraine – epizootological situation, prevention and control (2015–2020)


Keywords: trichinosis, helminthiasis, zoonosis, Ukraine, pigs, diagnostics, prevention

Abstract

The work is devoted to analyzing literary sources and the results of public research on epizootology, epidemiology, and approaches to the fight against trichinosis – one of the most unsafe helminthiasis in animals and people. In the statistics, the primary nutrition is comprehensive, the path and the sources of invasion, the dynamics of infection of pigs and other creatures, now look at the circulation of Trichinella in nature and the biocenosis associated with humans, as well as the main directions of preventive entry. We conducted a study on the monitoring of trichinosis infestation. We found that the territory of Ukraine has a stationary unfavorable incidence of trichinosis in pigs, and the most significant number of pig carcasses infected with larvae – 76.5 % were registered in Mykolaioblast. Z'yasovanie natural causes of trichinosis, as revealed in the Transcarpathian, Mykolaiv, and Kharkiv regions. The dominating significance of the circulation of the bug is given to the invasion of the environment of the wild fauna lies the red fox. At the same time, there is an important creature in the circulation of the census between the synanthropic and natural centers. With laboratory studies of carcasses of creatures infected with Trichinella larvae, it is possible to show a significant advantage to the method of over-etching of muscles in piece stomach juice is equal to compressor trichineloscopy. These methods objectively characterize the intensity of invasion in skin creatures and show their role in the circulation of trichinosis. Due to the support of the European legislation, the first leaders are to introduce into the practice of veterinary medicine in Ukraine new methods for post-life and prosperous diagnosis of trichinosis. The system for the complex of entry into the prevention and elimination of trichinosis of creatures is guilty of including preventive measures and the prevention of endemic middle infections.

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Published
2022-07-16
How to Cite
Artemenko, L., Soloviova, L., Selykh, I., Ligomina, I., & Sokoliuk, V. (2022). Trichinosis in Ukraine – epizootological situation, prevention and control (2015–2020). Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 24(106), 10-17. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet10602