Dynamics of individual biochemical parameters of blood of intact white mice under the action of the drug “Vitosept”


Keywords: sodium hypochlorite, subacute toxicity, white mice, blood biochemical parameters

Abstract

The active substance of the drug Vitosept is high-purity sodium hypochlorite (HPSH), obtained by the direct electrochemical reaction on a newly developed diaphragm-free flow cell, bypassing the formation of molecular chlorine. The developers (Altapharm, Dnipro) used an isotonic (0.9 %) sodium chloride solution prepared in water purified by special technology as the starting electrolyte. The study aimed to determine the effect of different concentrations of Vitosept on the dynamics of serum biochemical parameters of intact white mice. During our research, we found that intragastric administration of even the highest concentrations (500 mg/L) of the drug Vitosept did not cause the death of animals or visible signs of intoxication. According to the analysis of clinical manifestations, behavioral reactions, assessment of discomfort, reflex reactions, and the course of metabolic processes, the animals of the experimental groups did not differ from the analogs of the control group. Assessing the protein-synthesizing function of the liver, it was found that the total protein content in the serum of white mice depended on the concentrations of the studied hypochlorite-containing drug and the duration of its receipt. In the animals of the first, second, and third experimental groups during the whole period of the experiment (20 days), the level of total protein in the serum was close to that of the animals of the control group. In animals of groups R4 and R5, on the 10th day of the experiment with the highest applied concentrations of Vitosept (400 and 500 mg/L), the content of total protein in the serum of white mice probably decreased by 8.3 and 7.7 %. It is established that such reduction occurs against the background of changes in the fractional composition of proteins. In white mice of group R5 on the 10th day of the experiment revealed a decrease in blood glucose by 5.9 % (P < 0.05), urea – by 7.4 % (P < 0.05), creatinine – by 9.1 % (P < 0.05). The activity of alkaline phosphatase was 32.1 % (P < 0.05) and GGTP – 70 % (P < 0.05) higher than in the blood of animals of the control group. On the 20th day of the experiment, the level of the studied indicators decreased slightly compared to the similar ones on the 10th day. It was within the limit values, although in most cases, it still differed from the indicators of the animals of the control group. It is obvious that when too high concentrations of even a slightly toxic drug are received, the animal's body reacts with a compensatory-adaptive reaction to the arrival of a foreign substance. Thus, we state that the hypochlorite-containing drug Vitosept with the long-term intragastric intake of white mice did not cause hepato- and nephrotoxic effects and revealed some deviations in biochemical parameters in animals of the fourth and fifth groups, on the background of 400–500 mg/L, is most likely the result of adaptive-compensatory response to the intake of the test substance.

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Published
2022-07-16
How to Cite
Hunchak, V., Soltys, M., Gutyj, B., Hunchak, A., Vasiv, R., & Khariv, I. (2022). Dynamics of individual biochemical parameters of blood of intact white mice under the action of the drug “Vitosept”. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 24(106), 34-42. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet10606

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