Epizootological analysis of the prevalence of salmonellosis in poultry in Ukraine in 2012–2021
The main infectious agent that causes contamination of poultry products are bacteria of the genus Salmonella. The article presents the results of monitoring studies on salmonellosis among poultry of different technological direction of poultry farms of all forms of ownership in Ukraine. In the analysis of the results of the incidence of salmonellosis in poultry used Reports on the work of state laboratories of veterinary medicine of the State Food and Consumer Services of Ukraine for 2012–2021. Data from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine were also used during the work on the article. It was found that for the period 2012–2021, the total number of samples tested for salmonellosis was 306466, of which 932 were positive, which was 0.3 %. It is established that the number of studies in certain years differs greatly in number. After all, the peak number of studies fell on 2012 (51985 samples), but in 2020 it was only 25.796 samples or 49.6 % to the peak level of studies. The highest percentage of pathogen isolation was observed in the period from 2013 to 2015, respectively 0.39, 0.48 % and 0.38 %. In 2016–2018, there was a decrease in the number of positive samples, respectively, the number of positive samples was 0.24–0.33 %, the lowest percentage in 2019–2021, the number of positive samples was minimal and amounted to 0.05 %, 0.22 % and 0.13 %. Thus, there is a clear trend of decreasing the amount of pathogen. The largest number of positive samples of biological material for salmonellosis in the period 2012–2021 was found in Sumy and Luhansk regions, 156 and 186 samples, respectively. Slightly fewer positive samples were found in Kharkiv (117), Kirovohrad (79), Cherkasy (71), Zaporizhia (51), Donetsk (45), Kyiv (30) and Zhytomyr (30) regions. The pathogen Salmonella spp. in Zakarpattia, Rivne and Chernivtsi regions.
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