EPIZOOTOLOGICAL MONITORING OF ANIMAL RABIES IN THE LVIV REGION FOR 2014–2016, THE ANALYSIS OF RABIES EVENTS
It was found that the main source of rabies in our time are the foxes, the share of which exceeds 50% of the diseased animals. Probability bitten animal diseases depends on the number of supported bites, their location, extent of tissue damage, and amount of virus virulence.It notes some cyclicality in the emergence of rabies outbreaks. Periods of relative attenuation of infection are replaced with new lifts every 3 – 4 years. It was found that durig the period from 2014 to 2016 it was registered 57 unfavorable items rabies animals in the Lviv region. Among them: the fox – 36; dogs – 11; cats – 9; ferrets – 1. In 2014 eight disadvantaged areas with rabies foxes has been recorded, in 2015 – 8, 2016 – six disadvantaged areas. By the number of animal deaths the first place belongs to the foxes, the second dog place on the third and fourth cat – ferret. The weak link in the system of measures to combat rabies infection is the lack of work on the elimination of stray animals (dogs and cats) and a decrease in the population of foxes, as well as the failure to implement fully the annual vaccination of dogs and lack of oral immunization of wildlife species. Today a vaccine based on a recombinant strain «V–RG» for the oral immunization of wild carnivores registered in Ukraine, which is produced by LLC «Ukrvetprompostach», Brovary, Kiev region, Ukraine.
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