BRONCHOPNEUMONIA OF CALVES: DIAGNOSIS AND COMPLEX THERAPY


  • L. Slivinska
  • S. Demydjuk
  • А. Shcherbatyy
  • P. Mazurok
Keywords: pneumonia, calves, nonspecific resistance, serum proteins, intramitsyn, cefotaxime, betamoks LA, hematology, complex therapy, carotene, total calcium, inorganic phosphorus

Abstract

The results of nonspecific resistance indices, hematological, biochemical research on complex treatment of calves suffering from bronchopneumonia. It is established that the use of antibiotics (intramitsynu, tsefatoksymu and betamoksu LA), drugs that regulate the acid–base status, provide therapeutic efficacy, respectively – 75, 94 and 88% and shorten the duration of their treatment in 7 – 12 days. The treatment had a positive impact on the overall condition of the animals. In the blood have established probable increase in the number of red blood cells, respectively, 23.2% (p ˂ 0.001); 36.6 (p ˂ 0.001); 29.5% (p ˂ 0.05), hemoglobin contents to 8.04 (p ˂ 0.05); 17.3 (p ˂ 0.001) and 17.5% (p ˂ 0.001), reducing the number of leukocytes (p ˂ 0.001) according to 31.8; 34.3; 36.6%. The content of total protein in serum of calves experimental groups increased to 3.75 (p ˂ 0,001); 6.38 (p ˂ 0.05) and 6.93% (p ˂ 0.001), respectively, due to increased albumin fraction in the second experimental group 18.4% (p ˂ 0.001), the third – 14.8% (p ˂ 0,01). The results showed that the applied treatment had a positive impact on the carotene content in blood serum (to 43.5; 34.6; 46.0%; p ˂ 0.05), total calcium (respectively 15.0, 14.7; p ˂ 0.05; 18.3%; p ˂ 0.05) and inorganic phosphorus (6.4; 15.3; 15.8%; p ˂ 0.05).

Integrated treatment of calves suffering from bluetongue bronchopneumonia, helped indexes increase non–specific resistance. The data obtained by the use of antibiotics (intramitsynu, tsefatoksymu and betamoksu LA) promoted faster normalization lizotsymnoyi and bactericidal activity of blood. Thus, in the first experimental group LASK increased by 25.6% (p ˂ 0.001); the second – by 26.3% (p ˂ 0.001) and the third at 35.3% (p ˂ 0.001). BASK calves tended to increase according to 11.7; 10.6 and 11.3%.

 

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Abstract views: 171
PDF Downloads: 63
Published
2016-10-12
How to Cite
Slivinska, L., Demydjuk, S., ShcherbatyyА., & Mazurok, P. (2016). BRONCHOPNEUMONIA OF CALVES: DIAGNOSIS AND COMPLEX THERAPY. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 18(3(71), 95-99. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet7122