THE USAGE OF MEDICINES AT THE CARDIOVASCULAR PATHOLOGIES IN DOGS AND CATS
The review of literature about the pathology of a heart and vessels in dogs and cats is presented in the article. Pathologies of cardiovascular system occupy a leading position among the diseases of non-contagious etiology and are one of the major causes of death. The statistical data indicate that the heart diseases are detected in 5-10% of patients that are admitted to the doctor. The group of risk factor of the cardiovascular system pathology occurrence was found, in particular innate ability: dogs of small and medium breeds are predisposed to acquired valve disease (chronic valve disease, endocardiosis), while for dogs of big breed is peculiar the development of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and diseases of pericardium. In particular the characteristic of such diseases are given: arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia of dogs), dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, chronic degenerative disease of AV valves.
Recently several major researches were conducted in the sphere of cardiac insufficiency treatment, were introduced new methods of diagnostics, found new genetic peculiarities of certain pathologies and occurred new medicines, for example: imobendan, polisaturated fatty acids, sildenafil, levosimendan, torasemide, nebivolol, lisinopril, clopidogrel and others. However, data about the usage of new therapeutic preparations for cardiovascular system is not enough.
Thus, the need arise to conduct comprehensive researches of the mechanisms of medicine action, its interaction with other preparations, clinically efficiency of treatment and usage safety.
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